Structural Optimization for Asymmetric Framed Structures without Shear Walls
This paper proposes a method for the preliminary arrangement of columns having variable sizes on an asymmetric plan, such that the resulting structure will have minimum torsion. Asymmetry can be due to shape of the plan as well as arrangement of columns having variable sizes. This study shows the influence of first three modes in determining the structural behavior of RCC framed buildings during earthquake. The time periods were approximately calculated by using 3D-shear-torsion beam method. The optimization was done using Genetic algorithm in Matlab. The seismic performance of general asymmetric structures with uniform square columns were compared with optimized asymmetric structures having columns with variable sizes. The results from pushover analysis showed significant increase in strength and ductility along the direction having torsion.
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